It’s certainly not a young maneuver. On the contrary, it is a manoeuvre that provides for 16 out of 24 billion euros in extra deficit, therefore destined to increase public debt and therefore to weigh on the shoulders of future generations. It is certainly a prudent manoeuvre, compressed as it is in the tracks of the rules of stability that, after the pandemic, Europe is preparing to put back in place. The Meloni government, mindful of the storm that erupted on Berlusconi 12 years ago, was careful not to force the hand too much in the hope of avoiding spills on the financial markets that could be fatal for the fragile keeping of our accounts. And he has therefore developed a manoeuvre that, basically, does not move much compared to the current situation.
The measures contained in the budget law seek above all to keep alive the banners agitated during the election campaign of 2022. And so, at the cry of lower taxes, the most impacting measure is that of the cut of 6 percent contribution for those with incomes up to 35 thousand euros gross per year and 7 percent for those up to 25 thousand. An operation that concerns an audience of about 14 million Italians who will enjoy an average increase of about 100 euros per month. Household chores are excluded: for cleaning women and caregivers there is no tripe.
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Considered also the previewed advance of the reform Irpef that extends to who earns until 28 thousand euros the taxation to 23 percent, the cost of the relative chapter to the taxes piles to 14 billions, more of the half of the entire maneuver.
The other 10 billion are divided between additional flag measures and buffer measures aimed at trying to keep key sectors such as healthcare in place. In the first case there are incentives for birth. Parental leave increases and bonuses are expected to rise to pay the fees of kindergartens for those who have more than one child and does not exceed 40 thousand euros of income. Then there is the cancellation of the contribution for working mothers who have given birth to three children.
These measures are certainly welcome, but they run counter to reality. In a country where the birth rate has fallen to 1.24 children per woman, it is hard to imagine that many will benefit from incentives. There are no conditions that allow children to form a family: the houses have prohibitive prices and the increase in rates also makes uncertain the confirmation of the possibility for under 35 to have the guarantee of the State in case of taking out a mortgage for the purchase of the first house.
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In attesa degli emendamenti che non dovrebbero riguardare i parlamentari di maggioranza a cui è stato chiesto di non proporre modifiche, sembrano destinati a cadere nel vuoto i rilievi delle opposizioni che considerano insufficienti i 3 miliardi destinati alla sanità. In tema di spesa pro capite per la salute, l’Italia occupa il sedicesimo posto in Europa. E la classifica è destinata a peggiorare.
Still on the subject of the future is indicative cancellation of VAT halved on green houses, ie the tax advantage linked to the purchase of new buildings in energy class A or B. It seems obvious that the ecological issue is not considered a priority by the government.
Pending the amendments that should not concern the majority Members who have been asked not to propose changes, the objections that consider the 3 billion earmarked for health to be insufficient seem destined to fall on deaf ears. In terms of per capita expenditure on health, Italy occupies the sixteenth place in Europe. And the ranking is going to get worse.
Illustration by Gloria Dozio - Acrimònia Studios