Always exposed to the outside world, the face is the part of the body most susceptible to atmospheric agents, as well as to risk factors such as smog and pollution. All this causes the onset of various skin and facial problems in general: some of them, however, may be linked not to what happens outside, but to factors inside the body. Genetic predisposition, bad eating habits and lifestyle can in fact contribute to impure and imperfect skin.
But what are the most common facial problems? Let's find out in this article.
A fairly common condition, dermatitis is a skin disease that is divided into numerous sub-conditions, of which atopic dermatitis is certainly the most common. It arises at a young age and presents with symptoms such as dry skin, redness and itching, especially in the face, neck and trunk areas. In contrast, seborrhoeic dermatitis involves a high production of sebum, making the skin very oily.
However, the causes of dermatitis are usually multifactorial, and among the reasons why it appears are genetics and hormonal imbalances. This is also what happens to people with asphyxial skin, a particular condition of skin that accumulates sebum deep down but, unable to let it escape, therefore remains dehydrated on the surface. In this case, it is important to use specific products for asphyctic skin on a daily basis and to care for one's skin in the right way, because otherwise the risk is to make the situation worse.
It is also important to check with specialist examinations that hormone function is normal in order to eradicate the problem at its root.
Melasma is a type of skin hyperpigmentation related to hormonal factors such as pregnancy, contraceptive use or hormone-based therapies that make the skin more sensitive to UV exposure. The result is an excessive concentration of melanin in one spot on the face and the formation of brown or greyish spots.
In this case we are talking about a problem of an aesthetic nature, since melasma mainly appears on the skin of the face and in annoying places such as the central area between the nose and mouth. It can be prevented with the right sun protection applied every 2-3 hours when out in the sun, whether at the beach or out and about during the summer.
When we talk about age-related skin blemishes, however, it is an entirely natural condition. Taking care of one's skin throughout life is the only way to avoid or slow down the onset of this blemish as much as possible.
One of the main problems of the face is acne, an inflammation caused by overfunctioning sebaceous glands. Most common in adolescence, acne can persist or occur in adulthood and become a chronic problem.
With increased sebum production on the face, acne causes the appearance of pimples, blackheads (blackheads) and pustules, as well as redness in the affected areas and frequent flushing. It is a condition that can greatly limit a person's life, as well as cause pain and irritation, and to treat it, it is necessary to consult a good dermatologist and follow a special acne treatment.
Illustration by Gloria Dozio - Acrimònia Studios