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From the G20 in Rome to the Cop26 in Glasgow

Developed countries should deliver on their promise to mobilize at least $100 billion a year in climate finance by 2020

By Fabiola Graziosi

For the experts it was necessary at least the intent to overcome the Paris agreements, 2015, to keep alive the hope of containing the temperature increase to 1.5. COP26 was to be decisive.

To achieve these ambitious goals, each country would have had to:

Eliminate net emissions globally by 2050 and aim to limit the increase in temperatures to 1.5° C by accelerating the process of escaping coal, reduce deforestation, accelerate the transition to electric vehicles, encourage investments in renewables. In addition, adapt for the protection of communities and natural habitats. protect and restore ecosystems, build more resilient defenses, warning systems, infrastructure and agriculture to combat the loss of homes and even lives.

To achieve these goals, developed countries should deliver on their pledge to mobilize at least $100 billion a year in climate finance by 2020.

Another mantra, for the experts is that only by working together we could face the challenges of the climate crisis and therefore “Act now!”. But China and India, Russia and Australia are holding back as they already did in Paris and at the G20 in Rome.

Just words, as Greta Thunberg says or has some result been achieved? According to President Draghi, there are some signs of encouragement: “In the G20 there have been shifts in the positions previously taken by Russia in China towards greater proximity to the climate issue. In terms of objectives, ambitions, there are not many differences. There are still differences on the speed with which to face the challenges. That it has been accepted for the first time by all that the necessary degrees are one and a half degrees and not two is very important. This commits these countries to consistent actions in front of public opinion. It is only by putting pressure on countries like India that we get results: we need the pressure of public opinion and climate activists that we never stop thanking. And then India at the G20 helped a lot, for example on the mid-century goal. With the diplomacy of the clash, nothing is achieved.

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Un post condiviso da Greta Thunberg (@gretathunberg)

Are these words, however relaxing, enough to reassure us? Obviously not.

For Greta and all the activists, COP26 was a total failure while for many experts there are the bases that can limit future damage, despite being far from the optimal solution, that of reducing emissions by two degrees by 2050 of CO2.

Someone has proposed the solution of planting at least one trillion trees, between now and 2030, which means planting 240 million a day; words in freedom!

A fine analyst, Ottavio Cappellani, who has made his own figure of irony, writes in “La Sicilia”: “Greta is right but she is naive, almost a “useful idiot”. The truth is simply that the “third world” is destined to expand, more and more. That the world is destined to burn is inevitable. Protected islands of well-being will remain. With the air conditioner attached directly to the jugular of other humans. Welcome to the vampire dystopia”.

And meanwhile the clock is ticking. On November 4th, scientists updated the “Climate Clock” with the latest scientific data available, the clock that shows us precisely how much we have exceeded the average temperature compared to the pre-industrial era, how much carbon dioxide we have released into the atmosphere and above all how much there is time left before exceeding the critical temperature set by the experts. There are 10 years, 5 months and a few days left to exceed the threshold of 1.5 ° C, which will happen around April 20th, 2032. Then, according to the experts and not Greta, there will be a climatic catastrophe.

Greetings to all!